Executive Summary

(Full Report available here)

Foreign investment is traditionally perceived as a positive input in a country’s economy, as it increases the amount of capital available to finance productive activities. Moreover, foreign capital often comes with technolog...

Executive Summary

(Full Report available here)

The ATA Carnet is a standardized international customs document that is used to obtain duty-free temporary admission of particular goods into states that are parties to the Customs Convention on the ATA Carnet for the Tempor...

Executive Summary

(Full Report available here)

International dispute settlement outlines the scope of a litigating party’s rights and obligations in line with the object and purpose of the agreement at hand, in a given context. Dispute settlement also allows States to en...

Executive Summary

(Full Report available here)

States must adapt to the changing circumstances to ensure their continued development as power shifts in an increasingly multipolar world. Globalisation has made States more interdependent, particularly economically, as inst...

Executive Summary

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This paper addresses the current need for effective and efficient dispute settlement mechanisms (“DSMs”) in Free Trade Agreements (FTAs).*  Canada is a party to several FTAs that include DSM chapters but rarely resorts to...

Executive Summary

(Full report can be read here)

For most countries, competition law has become a crucial component of contemporary economic policy. It also has considerable overlap with trade and investment policy, as improving economic efficiency and liberalizing marke...

Executive Summary

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(Annex A to the report can be read here)

On 13 December 2017, 70 members of the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) co-sponsored a Joint Ministerial Statement calling for structured discussions on “investment facilitation for...

Executive Summary

(Full report can be read here)

This Memorandum analyses from an empirical perspective the prevalence of submissions made by Non-Disputing State Parties (“NDSPs”) and their influence on arbitral awards in Investor-State arbitration under investment treat...

Executive Summary

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A joint interpretation is an agreement between State parties to an international investment agreement (“IIA”) on a common interpretation of a provision in the IIA. Joint interpretations can be seen as a way for States to r...

Executive Summary

(Full report can be read here)

(Abridged report here)

The development and proliferation of digital technologies has led to a wave of digitization within our economy. While enriching our daily lives and enhancing the welfare of society, digitization...

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